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Peery speaks about dangers of influenza

February 21, 2012

Becky Peery (middle), RN, BSN, of Golden Plains Community Hospital, recently presented a program about the cause and effect of influenza around the world to the Borger Noon Lions Club. Also pictured are fellow GPCH employees Pam Trout (left) and Mickey Dunigan (right). PHOTO BY DON RICE

Borger Noon Lions Club was honored to have Becky Peery, RN,BSN, of Golden Plains Community Hospital as their guest speaker. Becky is a 23-year employee of GPCH who wears several hats including Infection Preventionist, Employee Health Nurse and Staff Education Coordinator. With the help of Mickey Dunigan, IT Specialist, for GPCH they presented an educational program on the cause and effect of influenza throughout the world.
TYPES OF INFULENZA INCLUDE: Type A: *A(H1N1) *A(H3N2), Type B and Type C. A and B Influenza Virus often co-circulate for our seasonal flu illnesses.
TYPES OF EFFECTS OF INFUENZA: *OUTBREAK (sudden occurrence) *EPIDEMIC (Large Number) and ENDEMIC (Particular Area)
WHAT CAUSES AN OUTBREAK? *Antigenic Drift (Sporadic Outbreaks) Type A (H3N2) Seasonal *Antigenic Shift (Pandemics) *Type A (H1N1) We are NOT immune to the new virus
VIRULENCE OF THE VIRUSES:
Swine Flu or HINI became a pandemic in 2009 and in June of 2010 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the pandemic over.
Bird Flu, at this time does not spread to humans from infected birds or one human to another.
A BRIEF SUMMARY OF ANTIGENIC SHIFTS IN RECORDED ISTORY IS AS FOLLOWS:
1918 – Spanish Flu, Death Toll was 657,000 1947 – Swine Flu (H1N1), 1957 – Asian Flu (H2N2), 1968 – Hong Kong Flu (H3N2) 1977 – Swine Flu (H1N1). 1987 – Hong Kong (H3N2). 2009 – Swine Flu (H1N1)
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS: Sudden onset of high fever, *Cough, headache, muscle and joint pain *Sore throat and runny nose *Feeling extremely tired
AGES AT GREATEST RISK OF COMPLICATIONS: *Children under the age of two years *Adults 65 years and older with chronic problems i.e.: heart, lung, liver kidney, blood, diabetes *Weakened immune systems
2012 VACCINE: *TYPE A - California/7/2009 (HINI) Like Virus *TYPE A – Perth/16/2009 (H3N2) – Like Virus *TYPE B – Brisbane/60/2008 – Like Virus

DIFFERENCES IN SEASONAL AND PANDEMIC FLU:
Seasonal: Occurs annually in winter
Some immunity is built up from previous exposures
Affects the elderly and very young\
Vaccines have been developed
Average death is 36,000 per year
Manageable impact of economy

Pandemic: Occurs few times in century
No immunity from previous exposure
Healthy people are at risk
No vaccines developed
1918 Death toll was 675,000
Major impact to economy

Transmission: Droplets in the Air
Hand transmission

*Influenza Virus can be spread one to two days prior to symptoms

Prevention: GET YOUR VACCINATION!

TYPES OF VACCINES: Shots – Inactive Trivalent
Nasal Spray – Live, Attenuated

HAND WASHING – Most Important Thing You Can Do To Prevent Illness
*Wash your hands with tepid water and soap
*If someone in your home is ill, avoid using the same hand towels and clean the home surfaces with disinfectant cleanser
*Wash your hands after you cough, sneeze, or blow your nose.
*Avoid putting your hands near your eyes, nose or mouth

Respiratory and Cough Etiquette
*Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue or the bend of your elbow
*Avoid using your hands
*Stay home if your are ill

References:
(2009).Influenza (Seasonal) Fact Sheet, World Health organization at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs211/en/index.htlm
Hunt, M (2010). Virology Chapter thirteen Influenza Virus (Othomyxovirus). Microbiology and Immunology On-line University of South Carolina School of Medicine at http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/mhunt/flu.htm

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